A web attack is a way to exploit weaknesses in the website or in part of it. The attacks may involve a website’s content, web application, or server. Websites can provide numerous opportunities for attackers to gain unauthorized access, gain confidential information, or introduce malicious content.
Attackers look for weaknesses in the content or structure of a website, in order to get access to data, control of it, or even harm users. Common attacks include brute force attacks or cross-site scripting (XSS), and attacks against uploads of files. Other attacks are carried out via social engineering, like malware attacks or phishing such as ransomware trojans, worms, or spyware.
The most common attacks on websites focus on the web application made up of hardware and software a website uses to show information to users. Hackers can infiltrate websites through flaws. These include SQL injection, cross site request forgery and reflection-based XSS.
SQL injection attacks exploit the databases that web applications rely on to store and provide content. These attacks could expose a variety of sensitive data, including passwords, account logins, and credit card numbers.
Cross-site scripting attacks exploit flaws in the code of web pages to display illegal images or text, take over session information, and redirect users to phishing websites. Reflective XSS also allows attackers to execute any code.
A man-in-the-middle attack happens neoerudition.net/how-to-choose-the-best-antivirus-software when an external party interferes with the communications between you and your web server. The third party is then able to modify the messages, spoof certificates, alter DNS responses, and so on. This is a very effective way to control your online activities.